Data Types

NCBP receives daily data feeds from Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Poison Control, and the State Medical Asset and Resource Tracking Tool (SMARTT). To assist the Collaborative in responding as quickly and effectively as possible to public health threats, we will continue to incorporate additional data types in the future, including human, plant, food, environmental, and animal health data over a greater geographic area. If you are interested in helping NCBP to meet this goal, contact us today.


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EMS Data
Today, our most timely and consistent data type is de-identified EMS data. NCBP’s database currently includes EMS calls from South Carolina, with most typically entering the system within 24 hours. This data type contains patient complaints, provider assessments, time stamps, and geocoding that enables geospatial analysis. EMS data conforms to a national standard – the National EMS Information System (NEMSIS) framework — and is readily imported into the NCBP System. At this time, 46 states have adopted the NEMSIS standard, meaning data from across the country can be rapidly imported into the NCBP System with little additional manipulation or expense. Our system enables EMS providers to gain insights and analytics from the data they are already collecting and administering every day.
Poison Control Center Data
The NCBP System includes call center data from the Carolinas Poison Center (CPC), covering North Carolina and aspects of surrounding states. The CPC call center uses the AAPCC’s nationally standardized data sets and characterizes call locations via 5-digit zip code. For the purposes of analysis and systems integration, NCBP organizes data from all calls originating in North and South Carolina by county. In addition, zip code data for all CPC calls received is available in the system depending on your user profile and respective access. CPC data can be used to develop syndromic and non-syndromic information to detect unnaturally occurring events (such as an intentional food poisoning) or naturally occurring events such as emerging, novel respiratory pathogens. Based on NCBP’s evaluation of 2013 data from the Carolinas Poison Center, initial reports are submitted an average of 22 hours post-encounter.
SMARTT Hospital Bed Availability Data
The State Medical Asset and Resource Tracking Tool (SMARTT) is a system providing daily information feeds to hospitals, EMS systems, and state disaster management personnel to improve EMS response to disasters or terrorist events. The SMARTT data type communicates information about disease severity and threats to health resources, providing a specific, resource-based view of critical illness and injury surveillance. SMARTT data includes emergency and critical care resources (such as beds, ventilators, and dialysis machines) as well as specialty care personnel available at each hospital in the state. The NCBP System currently incorporates SMARTT data for all hospitals located in South Carolina.

NCBP Data Input & Output